The MAGIC-DML team have been out on their first major trip from Wasa. We have been to a small nunatak called Fossilryggen about 50 km (31 miles) across the ice from Wasa. The trip was essentially to test out the vehicles, vehicle storage, and packing system that Calle and the others have developed. We also wanted to try out our camp and equipment set-up, and we took the opportunity to collect some samples from Fossilryggen, which was one of our target sites. We successfully set up a field camp and tested all the field and camping kits. We spent a long afternoon and evening on Fossilryggen while we were there and managed to get samples from three erratic boulders. Fossilryggen is made of volcanic rocks, shale and sandstone, but dotted along the main ridge we found a number of rounded quartzite boulders. They had clearly been dumped by the ice sheet when it was thicker at some time in the past. We know this because there is no quartzite bedrock on Fossilryggen. As such, the only way for the quartzite to get there is to have been transported into the area from somewhere upstream and then dumped there by the ice.
One of the quartzite boulders dumped onto sandstone bedrock on Fossilryggen. We have sampled this boulder as part of the MAGIC-DML project. Photo: Nat Lifton, January 2017.
Sampling the boulders also gave us a chance to try out a new technique for getting the samples. The main methods for sampling boulders or bedrock made of hard rocks like quartzite are either to use a conventional hammer and chisel (hard work in the cold, takes a long time and often just creates lots of surface chips rather than a decent sample) or to attack the rock with a rock-saw or angle-grinder (much quicker but requires carrying heavy equipment and fuel so not practical for us in Antarctica). Our method is to use a heavy-duty portable battery-powered hammer drill to create a number of small holes in the rock. Then, we use a hammer to place splitting shims and wedges into the holes. As the wedges expand the shims in the holes, this splits the rock and the sample just pops off. The holes need to be drilled in the appropriate places in the sample, but this technique seems to work really well. We only drilled five or six holes in each sample, and that was enough, with the wedges, to pop off the perfect samples. This will be our main method of sample collection, so it's a great success that this method works so well.
So, overall, it was a great trip out from Wasa. The first samples are in the bag and hopefully there will be many more to follow.
Close-up of quartzite boulder with the wedges in place. We hammer the wedges into the drilled holes to create a fracture. Photo: Nat Lifton, January 2017.